- Common edible mushrooms
- Bay bolete Boletus badius
- Cep Boletus edulis
- ChanterelleCantharellus cibarius
- Chicken-of-the-woods Laetiporus sulphurous
- Fairy-ring mushroom Marasmius oreades
- Field blewit Lepista saeva
- Field mushroom Agaricus campestris
- Giant puffball Langermannia gigantean
- Morel Morchella esculenta/vulgaris
- Oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus
- Parasol mushroom Lepiota procera
- Saint George’s mushroom Calocybe gambosa
- Shaggy inkcap Coprinus comatus
- Truffle species Tuber
- Wood blewit Lepista nuda
- Wood cauliflower Sparassis crispa
- Wood hedgehog Hydnum repandum
One of life’s greatest pleasures is the picking, cooking and eating of mushrooms. Nothing can taste better than freshly picked and cooked mushrooms. But therein lies the problem – because the shape, colour and overall look of a mushroom can change drastically during its fruiting lifecycle, an edible mushroom can often be quite difficult to differentiate from an inedible or even toxic mushroom.
There is really only one solution to ensuring that your collection is edible and that is to ask an expert to check it plus follow our mushrooming guidelines.
Following is a list of some of the most common edible mushrooms around. Recommended reading is Roger Phillips’ book, Mushrooms, published by Macmillan.
Very common in all types of woodland from deciduous to coniferous in Autumn.
One of the most important edible mushrooms because of its size and excellent flavour – it is very common in all types of woodland from deciduous to coniferous in late Autumn.
Very common in all types of woodland from deciduous to coniferous from Summer to late Autumn.
Found on deciduous trees, more frequently oak, from late Spring to Autumn. Edible when young and fresh.
Commonly found forming rings on short grass in Autumn – DO NOT CONFUSE WITH THE DEADLY Fool’s funnel Clitocybe rivulosa, which also forms rings in grass during the same period of time.
With their purplish stalks you can find them from Autumn to early Winter often found growing in rings in pastureland. Don’t confuse with the lilac- gilled Wood blewit Lepista nuda – poisonous raw.
One of the most common of all mushrooms it is found in fields from late Summer to Autumn.
Common in gardens, fields and woods from Summer to Autumn. Edible when white and firm.
Not very common but found on waste ground or in woodland, especially in areas of chalky soil in late Spring.
Found all year round in clumps on beech tree stumps and other fallen deciduous trees.
Found in open woods and pastureland in Summer and Autumn.
Traditionally found on St George’s Day (23 April), although they may not be ready to pick for a week or two.
Very common mushroom found on lawns, recently disturbed ground, roadsides and rubbish heaps from late Summer to Autumn. Good to eat when the gills are white.
Considered a great delicacy because of their rarity and excellent taste, they can be found buried (generally in chalky soils) under or near beech or oak trees from Summer to Autumn.
Very common in woodland, hedgerows and gardens from Autumn to Winter.
Common among conifer trees in Autumn. Edible when young but clean them thoroughly.
Found in all types of woodland from deciduous to coniferous from late Summer to late Autumn.
References: Mushrooms, Roger Phillips, MacMillan; Wildfood UK; Mushroom Observer.