Spindle Euonymus


Japanese spindle Euonymus japonicus © Ita McCobb

Spindle Latin name


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Euonymus Common name


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Spindle Plant family

Euonymus (Celastraceae) – varieties of evergreen, semi-evergreen or deciduous shrubs and trees, occasionally climbing, grown for their Autumn foliage and fruits.

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Spindle Description

Category: Shrubs, trees and climbers

Form: Long (often arching) branches, some prostrate, others upright

Type: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous

Height: 6 metres

Spread: 6 metres

Leaves: Generally oval green to copper-coloured (depends on variety) turn rich colours in Autumn

Flowers/berries: Generally inconspicuous whitish flowers in Spring that turn into exotic-looking fruits in Summer Autumn, usually in shades of pinks to reds – often with orange seeds

Normally grown for: Form, Autumn foliage and fruits – many prostrate varieties of Euonymus fortunei make good groundcover and can also be trained against trellis/walls as a climber, others such as Japanese spindle Euonymus japonicus can make excellent hedging

Notes: Euonymus europaeus and Euonymus japonicus are vulnerable to caterpillars.

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Spindle Planting preferences

Hardiness: Fully to half hardy depending on variety

Soil type: Needs fertile well-drained soil

Planting situation: Full sun to partial shade.

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Spindle Uses

Container – Young plants



Groundcover – Depending on variety

Hedges/windbreaks – Depending on variety


Walls – Depending on variety

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